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In Valcamonica, several of these constitute the most ancient maps known in Europe, such as the Bedolina Map.In this example, it is possible to make out cultivated fields, access paths, houses, and other topographical details.Paleolithic artists have five main colors at their disposal: yellow, red, brown, black and white.White is more rare, but it is seen at Lascaux cave.The first, fairly simple buff-coloured terracotta vases date from tile Peiligang culture of China (seventh to sixth millennium ?? Later findings from the Yang-Shao culture (fifth to fourth millennium ??) include vases decorated with fish and other animals and tripodal vessels shaped like owls.The Lascaux Cave paintings for example were made with brushes made from animal fur.Because the people who made these art pieces were amateurs there is evidence of their desire to show both realism and to use abstraction in an effort to make the art more portable.
So-called topographical compositions include animal pens and "maps" of villages and, later, towns.
With the spread of farming as a way of life, people began to settle in villages, and territories were defined.
Drawings like maps and landscapes appeared, along with domesticated animals and more human figures.
One large composition found at Okladnikov on Lake Baikal (Siberia) includes human figures and areas filled with squares or circles in solid or dotted lines, which are suggestive of a harvest scene.
The Wall-map of atal Huyuk (Turkey) is unique, showing an urban settlement with an erupting volcano, the oldest documentation of such an occurrence.